Among the many problems caused by Covid, there is one that is often overlooked in the acute phase of the disease, but which can persist in the long term: hair loss. Indeed, one in three people, among those who have contracted the virus, is affected by this disorder and suffers from a more or less severe form of alopecia, 2-3 months after infection.
Speaking on the subject, at the congress of the Italian Society of Aesthetic Medicine (Sime) which opened today in Rome, Alfredo Rossiprofessor of dermatology at the University of Rome Sapienza.
The role of the pandemic and stress
Sars-Cov-2 infection, explains Rossi, “can cause a massive release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which induces not only noticeable hair loss (telogen effluvium), but also inflammation which, in some cases, can lead to fibrosis of the scalp”. To this must be added, as an important cause of hair loss, the stress caused by the change in lifestyle, the fear of falling ill, isolation, perhaps even the loss of work and the economic crisis, the illness or loss of loved ones that have characterized the lives of many in these years of the pandemic”.
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In most cases, the problem “is reversible within six months of the stressful event.” However, those who already have a predisposition to androgenetic alopecia, after infection with Covid-19, could observe a regrowth of thinner or thinner hair than before. . In these cases, it is advisable and useful to contact a specialist “.
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Finally, “with the large-scale vaccination campaign, other forms of alopecia have appeared linked to the activation of the immune system, induced by vaccination. In particular, forms of autoinflammatory diseases of the scalp have been observed (alopecia areata, lichen plano pilaris, discoid lupus erythematosus, and scaling folliculitis) both de novo and exacerbation Prompt treatment is essential to resolve the problem To identify the most useful remedies, a specialized trichological examination with trichoscopic examination is recommended, which allows an accurate assessment of the state of health of the scalp and hair, to then understand if and with what therapeutic measures to intervene”, concludes Rossi.
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